Disease Surveillance System
Health Sciences over the last couple of decades depends more and more on IT centric initiatives to consolidate information of masses for meaningful usage and informed decision making. In the recent year, Pakistan especially Punjab and in particular Lahore has been hit by vector-borne diseases. In 2011, Lahore has witnessed the biggest epidemic of Dengue Fever in the world. Other than Dengue epidemic, our geographical boundary is often hit by flood which results in spreading water borne diseases such as typhoid fever, cholera, leptospirosis and Hepatitis A.
Non availability of historical data in an organized manner represents challenge for early detection of any future outbreaks thus limiting the capability of government for early preparedness and emergency response.
To start with, Teaching Hospitals, Tehsil Headquarters (THQs) and District Headquarters (DHQs) are manned with dedicated data entry operators, who are responsible to report cases as per the predefined templates. Each data entry operator is equipped with laptop and internet dongle or any other means of internet connectivity. The data entry interface is exposed to government hospitals via secured usernames and passwords. Moreover disease wheels are provided to BHUs and RHCs across Punjab which are used to report disease cases via SMS.
DSS as envisioned uses SatScan and Early Aberration Reporting System (EARS) as used by Centre of Disease Control and Prevention in United States. Targeted to ensure emergency response and preparedness, the system connects all stakeholders to respond to any alarming situation in a coordinated manner.
- Case detection, case registration, case confirmation and case supervision
- Data analysis and interpretation
- Representation on GIS Maps
- Timely escalation and Intimations
- District/ Tehsil and UC wise disease widespread trends
- Dispersion of disease over time, space or space and time
- Time periodic disease surveillance for early detection of disease outbreaks
The project is live in 145 government hospitals (teaching hospitals, DHQs and THQs) throughout Punjab.
- More than 25 departments involved
- More than 6 Million patient records
- 550+ users